The Caribbean is the term for an island chain of twenty eight countries that attracts travellers to it with a selection of beautiful exotic escapes situated in the Caribbean Sea. Every one of these countries has got something unique about it to offer typically based upon their natural beauty of both the land and waters which surround the islands. The Caribbean is considered one of the world’s most biologically diverse sea regions, being where you can iconic creatures and has quite a few vulnerable coastline communities that are suffering with just what environmentalists believe to be a growing decline. The Caribbean also has an abundant history and culture, having a number of important sites going back to forgotten previous civilizations. Together with that social diversity, the Caribbean has an diverse culinary scene. There are flavours coming from all the world’s major regions in the region’s delicacies.
The leading languages spoken in the region are Spanish, French, English, Dutch, Haitian Creole, and Papiamento. Each Caribbean country has a several unique creole spoken languages or dialects. The region features a principally tropical landscape with the climates getting shaped by sea temperatures and rainfall, with the typhoon season frequently leading to disasters. One of the most serious was the Great Hurricane of 1780 where experts have approximated that 20 000 to 30000 individuals were killed. Hurricanes continue to occur with a regularity. Due to this tropical environment and also the low lying island geography, the Caribbean countries are generally prone to many climate change effects for example the greater storm strength, saltwater incursion, growing sea levels along with loss of the shoreline. These weather modifications may have major impacts and significantly alter the economies of the Caribbean, particularly the major economies of farming and travel and leisure.
The indigenous people have occupied the islands since at least 3600 BC. Soon following the explorer, Christopher Columbus came to the Caribbean back in 1492 succeeding travellers from both Portugal and Spain began claiming locations in Central and South America and settling them. With this particular European colonization the indigenous populace was quickly decimated due to the imposed brutal work methods, enslavement, and illnesses on a lot of of the islands. These indigenous people were before long substituted with enslaved Africans. These initial settlements exported gold to England, the Netherlands, and France who each had wanted to build rewarding colonies in the Caribbean. These types of colonial rivalries made the islands an origin for European wars for hundreds of years. The area was war-torn during a lot of its colonial history, however the battles were more frequently located in Europe, with only minimal wars in fact fought in the Caribbean. The Caribbean has been famous for pirates, primarily in between 1640 and 1680 with the name “buccaneer” often getting used to explain a pirate sailing in this region. Starting with the independence of Haiti from France in the early 1800s and the subsequent decline of slavery in the 19th century almost all of the island nations in the Caribbean gradually obtained independence in the 1950s and 60s. Since the area is within proximity to the United States Of America, there is also a lengthy track record of United States interference politically, militarily and in the economy.